Caribbean Stats

Dominica

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Introduction - Dominica
Background
Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
Geography - Dominica
Location
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
15 25 N, 61 20 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 751 sq km country comparison to the world: 188 land: 751 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
148 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Terrain
rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Morne Diablatins 1,447 m
Natural resources
timber, hydropower, arable land
Land use
arable land: 6.67% permanent crops: 21.33% other: 72% (2005)
Irrigated land
NA
Total renewable water resources
NA
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 0.02 cu km/yr per capita: 213 cu m/yr (1996)
Natural hazards
flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
Environment - current issues
NA
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world
People - Dominica
Population
72,660 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 200
Age structure
0-14 years: 24% (male 8,910/female 8,518) 15-64 years: 65.8% (male 24,532/female 23,301) 65 years and over: 10.2% (male 3,187/female 4,212) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 29.8 years male: 29.4 years female: 30.2 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
0.208% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 185
Birth rate
15.73 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 135
Death rate
8.2 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 102
Net migration rate
-5.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 163
Urbanization
urban population: 74% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 0.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.65 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 133 male: 18.34 deaths/1,000 live births female: 8.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.55 years country comparison to the world: 76 male: 72.61 years female: 78.64 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.09 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 124
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Dominican(s) adjective: Dominican
Ethnic groups
black 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7% (2001 census)
Religions
Roman Catholic 61.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% (2001 census)
Languages
English (official), French patois
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school total population: 94% male: 94% female: 94% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years male: 13 years female: 14 years (2005)
Education expenditures
5% of GDP (1999) country comparison to the world: 70
Government - Dominica
Country name
conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica conventional short form: Dominica
Government type
parliamentary democracy
Capital
name: Roseau geographic coordinates: 15 18 N, 61 24 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter
Independence
3 November 1978 (from the UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 3 November (1978)
Constitution
3 November 1978
Legal system
based on English common law; accepts ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Nicholas J. O. LIVERPOOL (since October 2003) head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: president elected by the House of Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 1 October 2003 (next to be held in 2013); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Nicholas LIVERPOOL consented to a second term in 2008 at the request of the prime minister and leader of the opposition
Legislative branch
unicameral House of Assembly (30 seats; 9 members appointed, 21 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 18 December 2009 (next to be held in 2015); note - tradition dictates that the election will be held within five years of the last election, but technically it is five years from the first seating of parliament (12 May 2005) plus a 90-day grace period election results: percent of vote by party - DLP 61.2%, UWP 34.9%; seats by party - DLP 18, UWP 3
Judicial branch
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of the Court of Appeal and the High Court (located in Saint Lucia; one of the six judges must reside in Dominica and preside over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)
Political parties and leaders
Dominica Freedom Party or DFP [Charles SAVARIN]; Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Roosevelt SKERRIT]; Dominica United Workers Party or UWP [Earl WILLIAMS]
Political pressure groups and leaders
Dominica Liberation Movement or DLM (a small leftist party)
International organization participation
ACCT, ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Judith Ann ROLLE chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016 telephone: [1] (202) 364-6781 FAX: [1] (202) 364-6791 consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy in Dominica; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Dominica
Flag description
green, with a centered cross of three equal bands - the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white and the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a sisserou parrot encircled by 10 green, five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes)
Economy - Dominica
Economy - overview
The Dominican economy has been dependent on agriculture - primarily bananas - in years past, but increasingly has been driven by tourism as the government seeks to promote Dominica as an "ecotourism" destination. In order to diversify the island's production base, the government also is attempting to develop an offshore financial sector and has signed an agreement with the EU to develop geothermal energy resources. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy - including elimination of price controls, privatization of the state banana company, and tax increases - to address an economic and financial crisis and to meet IMF requirements. This restructuring paved the way for an economic recovery - real growth for 2006 reached a two-decade high - and helped to reduce the debt burden, which remains at about 85% of GDP. Hurricane Dean struck the island in August 2007 causing damages equivalent to 20% of GDP. In 2009, growth slowed as a result of the global recession and is projected to pick up only slightly in 2010.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$743.1 million (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 207 $735 million (2008 est.) $712.3 million (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)
$376 million (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
1.1% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 87 3.2% (2008 est.) 1.8% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$10,200 (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 105 $10,100 (2008 est.) $9,800 (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 17.7% industry: 32.8% services: 49.5% (2004 est.)
Labor force
25,000 (2000 est.) country comparison to the world: 206
Labor force - by occupation
agriculture: 40% industry: 32% services: 28% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate
23% (2000 est.) country comparison to the world: 172
Population below poverty line
30% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $73.9 million expenditures: $84.4 million (2001)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.7% (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 84
Central bank discount rate
6.5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 68 6.5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
9.06% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 92 9.17% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$72.1 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 122 $73.71 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$289.9 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 119 $269.1 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$213.6 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 127 $193.1 million (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products
bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts, cocoa; forest and fishery potential not exploited
Industries
soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Industrial production growth rate
NA
Electricity - production
85 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 193
Electricity - consumption
79.05 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 193
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 184
Oil - consumption
1,000 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 192
Oil - exports
0 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 194
Oil - imports
838.2 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 191
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 180
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 191
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 192
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 191
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 192
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 187
Current account balance
-$72 million (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 72
Exports
$94 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 192
Exports - commodities
bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges
Exports - partners
Japan 33.5%, China 17.9%, Antigua and Barbuda 6.8%, Guyana 5.7%, Jamaica 4.7%, UK 4.7% (2008)
Imports
$296 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 193
Imports - commodities
manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners
Japan 42.9%, US 16.8%, China 12%, Trinidad and Tobago 8.4% (2008)
Debt - external
$213 million (2004) country comparison to the world: 171
Exchange rates
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Communications - Dominica
Telephones - main lines in use
17,500 (2008) country comparison to the world: 197
Telephones - mobile cellular
100,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 183
Telephone system
general assessment: NA domestic: fully automatic network international: country code - 1-767; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay and SHF radiotelephone links to Martinique and Guadeloupe; VHF and UHF radiotelephone links to Saint Lucia
Radio broadcast stations
AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 0 (2003)
Television broadcast stations
1 (2004)
Internet country code
.dm
Internet hosts
485 (2009) country comparison to the world: 173
Internet users
27,500 (2008) country comparison to the world: 182
Transportation - Dominica
Airports
2 (2009) country comparison to the world: 198
Airports - with paved runways
total: 2 914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2009)
Roadways
total: 780 km country comparison to the world: 187 paved: 393 km unpaved: 387 km (2000)
Merchant marine
total: 53 country comparison to the world: 69 by type: bulk carrier 14, cargo 27, chemical tanker 3, petroleum tanker 5, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 1 foreign-owned: 47 (Australia 2, Estonia 7, Greece 10, India 2, Latvia 1, Norway 1, Russia 3, Saudi Arabia 2, Singapore 7, Syria 2, Turkey 5, Ukraine 4, UAE 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Portsmouth, Roseau
Military - Dominica
Military branches
no regular military forces; Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2008)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 18,584 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 15,821 females age 16-49: 15,291 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 776 female: 731 (2009 est.)
Military expenditures
NA (2006)
Transnational Issues - Dominica
Disputes - international
Dominica is the only Caribbean state to challenge Venezuela's sovereignty claim over Aves Island and joins the other island nations in challenging whether the feature sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Venezuela to extend its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf claims over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs
transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer (2008)