Caribbean Stats

Grenada

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Grenada
Background
Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
Geography - Grenada
Location
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
12 07 N, 61 40 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 344 sq km country comparison to the world: 206 land: 344 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
121 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Terrain
volcanic in origin with central mountains
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Natural resources
timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Land use
arable land: 5.88% permanent crops: 29.41% other: 64.71% (2005)
Irrigated land
NA
Total renewable water resources
NA
Natural hazards
lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Environment - current issues
NA
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
People - Grenada
Population
90,739 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 195
Age structure
0-14 years: 32% (male 14,608/female 14,410) 15-64 years: 65.2% (male 31,278/female 27,873) 65 years and over: 2.8% (male 1,268/female 1,302) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 22.8 years male: 23.3 years female: 22.3 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
0.468% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 156
Birth rate
21.32 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 92
Death rate
6.09 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 160
Net migration rate
-10.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 174
Urbanization
urban population: 31% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.12 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.23 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 135 male: 12.95 deaths/1,000 live births female: 13.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 65.95 years country comparison to the world: 163 male: 64.06 years female: 67.85 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.23 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 114
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Grenadian(s) adjective: Grenadian
Ethnic groups
black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Religions
Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Languages
English (official), French patois
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 96% male: NA female: NA (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years male: 12 years female: 12 years (2005)
Education expenditures
5.2% of GDP (2003) country comparison to the world: 62
Government - Grenada
Country name
conventional long form: none conventional short form: Grenada
Government type
parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital
name: Saint George's geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Independence
7 February 1974 (from the UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
Constitution
19 December 1973
Legal system
based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Carlyle Arnold GLEAN (since 27 November 2008) head of government: Prime Minister Tillman THOMAS (since 9 July 2008) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held on 8 July 2008 (next to be held in 2013) election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NDC 11, NNP 4
Judicial branch
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of a court of Appeal and a High Court of Justice (two High Court judges are assigned to and reside in Grenada); Itinerant Court of Appeal three judges; member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
Political parties and leaders
Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Gloria Payne BANFIELD]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]; New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]
Political pressure groups and leaders
Committee for Human Rights in Grenada or CHRG; New Jewel Movement Support Group; The British Grenada Friendship Society; The New Jewel 19 Committee
International organization participation
ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Gillian M.S. BRISTOL chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009 telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561 FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468 consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1177 FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
Flag description
a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions
Economy - Grenada
Economy - overview
Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is nearly 110%, leaving the THOMAS administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth will likely be stagnant in 2010 after a sizeable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1.156 billion (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 195 $1.204 billion (2008 est.) $1.179 billion (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)
$683 million (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
-4% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 178 2.2% (2008 est.) 4.9% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,700 (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 86 $13,300 (2008 est.) $13,100 (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 5.4% industry: 18% services: 76.6% (2003)
Labor force
42,300 (1996) country comparison to the world: 192
Labor force - by occupation
agriculture: 24% industry: 14% services: 62% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate
12.5% (2000) country comparison to the world: 136
Population below poverty line
32% (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $85.8 million expenditures: $102.1 million (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.7% (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 112
Central bank discount rate
6.5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 67 6.5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
9.53% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 89 9.76% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$141.4 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 116 $151.2 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$578.1 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 111 $533.4 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$658 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 118 $575.8 million (31 December 2007)
Market value of publicly traded shares
$NA
Agriculture - products
bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Industries
food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Electricity - production
178.7 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 179
Electricity - consumption
155.7 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 181
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 195
Oil - consumption
3,000 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 181
Oil - exports
0 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 202
Oil - imports
1,923 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 178
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 176
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 105
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 181
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 173
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 177
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 175
Current account balance
-$138 million (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 78
Exports
$38 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 200
Exports - commodities
bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Exports - partners
Saint Lucia 16.4%, US 11.3%, UK 11.3%, Antigua and Barbuda 11.1%, Saint Kitts a & Nevis 10%, Dominican Republic 10%, France 6.4% (2008)
Imports
$343 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 188
Imports - commodities
food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel
Imports - partners
Trinidad and Tobago 43.1%, US 24.5%, Barbados 3.6% (2008)
Debt - external
$347 million (2004) country comparison to the world: 162
Exchange rates
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Communications - Grenada
Telephones - main lines in use
28,600 (2008) country comparison to the world: 180
Telephones - mobile cellular
60,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 190
Telephone system
general assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
Radio broadcast stations
AM 2, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
2 (1997)
Internet country code
.gd
Internet hosts
42 (2009) country comparison to the world: 211
Internet users
24,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 185
Transportation - Grenada
Airports
3 (2009) country comparison to the world: 193
Airports - with paved runways
total: 3 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2009)
Roadways
total: 1,127 km country comparison to the world: 182 paved: 687 km unpaved: 440 km (2000)
Ports and terminals
Saint George's
Military - Grenada
Military branches
no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2008)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 27,309 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 20,483 females age 16-49: 20,923 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 982 female: 937 (2009 est.)
Military expenditures
NA
Transnational Issues - Grenada
Disputes - international
none
Illicit drugs
small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US