Caribbean Stats

Saint Martin

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Saint Martin
Background
Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished St. Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it amongst themselves in 1648. The cultivation of sugar cane introduced slavery to the island in the late 18th century; the practice was not abolished until 1848. The island became a free port in 1939; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded during the 1970s and 1980s. In 2003, the populace of St. Martin voted to secede from Guadeloupe and in 2007, the northern portion of the island became a French overseas collectivity.
Geography - Saint Martin
Location
island 300 km southeast of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates
18 05 N, 63 57 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 54.4 sq km country comparison to the world: 230 land: 54.4 sq km water: NEGL
Area - comparative
more than one-third the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
total: 15 km border countries: Netherlands Antilles (Sint Maarten) 15 km
Coastline
58.9 km (for entire island)
Climate
temperature averages 80-85 degrees all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; July-November is the hurricane season
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m highest point: Pic du Paradis 424 m
Natural resources
salt
Environment - current issues
fresh water supply is dependent on desalinization of sea water
Geography - note
the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass in the world shared by two independent states, the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten
People - Saint Martin
Population
29,820 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 213
Age structure
0-14 years: 27% (male 3,991/female 4,048) 15-64 years: 67.5% (male 9,596/female 10,532) 65 years and over: 5.5% (male 742/female 911) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 30.5 years male: 29.5 years female: 31.3 years (2009 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female under 15 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Ethnic groups
creole (mulatto), black, Guadeloupe Mestizo (French-East Asia), white, East Indian
Religions
Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Protestant, Hindu
Languages
French (official language), English, Dutch, French Patois, Spanish, Papiamento (dialect of Netherlands Antilles)
Government - Saint Martin
Country name
conventional long form: Overseas Collectivity of Saint Martin conventional short form: Saint Martin local long form: Collectivity d'outre mer de Saint-Martin local short form: Saint-Martin
Dependency status
overseas collectivity of France
Capital
name: Marigot geographical coordinates: 18 04 N, 63 05 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight savings: +1 hour
Independence
none (overseas collectivity of France)
National holiday
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789); note - local holiday is Schoalcher Day (Slavery Abolition Day) 12 July (1848)
Constitution
4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Suffrage
18 years of age, universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007), represented by Prefect Dominique LACROIX (since 21 March 2007) head of government: President of the Territorial Council Frantz GUMBS (since 5 May 2009) cabinet: Executive Council; note - there is also an advisory economic, social, and cultural council (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) election: French president elected by popular vote to a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council is elected by the members of the Council for a five-year term election results: Frantz GUMBS elected president by the Territorial Council on 7 August 2008 but election was declared invalid on 10 April 2009
Legislative branch
unicameral Territorial Council (23 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 1 and 8 July 2007 (next to be held in July 2012) election results: percent of seats by party - UPP 49%, RRR 42.2%, Reussir Saint-Martin 8.9%; seats by party - UPP 16, RRR 6, Reussir Saint-Martin 1 note: Saint Martin elects one seat to the French Senate; election last held 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1
Political parties and leaders
Union Pour le Progres or UPP [Louis-Constant FLEMING]; Rassemblement Responsabilite Reussite or RRR [Alain RICHARDSON]; Reussir Saint-Martin [Jean-Luc HAMLET]
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
UPU, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (overseas collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US
none (overseas collectivity of France)
Flag description
the flag of France is used
Economy - Saint Martin
Economy - overview
The economy of Saint Martin centers around tourism with 85% of the labor force engaged in this sector. Over one million visitors come to the island each year with most arriving through the Princess Juliana International Airport in Sint Maarten. No significant agriculture and limited local fishing means that almost all food must be imported. Energy resources and manufactured goods are also imported, primarily from Mexico and the United States. Saint Martin is reported to have the highest per capita income in the Caribbean.
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 1% industry: 15% services: 84% (2000)
Labor force - by occupation
85% directly or indirectly employed in tourist industry
Industries
tourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industry
Imports - commodities
crude petroleum, food, manufactured items
Exchange rates
euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6827 (2008), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)
Communications - Saint Martin
Telephone system
general assessment: fully integrated access domestic: direct dial capability with both fixed and wireless systems international: country code - 590; undersea fiber-optic cable provides voice and data connectivity to Puerto Rico and Guadeloupe
Radio broadcast stations
AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2007)
Internet country code
.mf; note - .gp, the internet country code for Guadeloupe, and .fr, the internet country code for France, might also be encountered
Transportation - Saint Martin
Airports
1 (2009) country comparison to the world: 226
Airports - with paved runways
total: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2009)
Transportation - note
nearest airport for international flights is Princess Juliana International Airport (SXM) located in Sint Maarten
Military - Saint Martin
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 6,336 females age 16-49: 6,925 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 177 female: 162 (2009 est.)
Military - note
defense is the responsibility of France