Caribbean Stats

Aruba

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Aruba
Background
Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Geography - Aruba
Location
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates
12 30 N, 69 58 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 180 sq km country comparison to the world: 217 land: 180 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
68.5 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m
Natural resources
NEGL; white sandy beaches
Land use
arable land: 10.53% permanent crops: 0% other: 89.47% (2005)
Irrigated land
0.01 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards
hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened
Environment - current issues
NA
Geography - note
a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
People - Aruba
Population
103,065 country comparison to the world: 193 note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census (July 2009 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 19.1% (male 9,921/female 9,758) 15-64 years: 70.3% (male 34,676/female 37,752) 65 years and over: 10.6% (male 4,351/female 6,607) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 37.8 years male: 36 years female: 39.5 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
1.478% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 92
Birth rate
12.79 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 159
Death rate
7.71 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 114
Net migration rate
9.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 8
Urbanization
urban population: 47% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 0.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.79 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 132 male: 18.28 deaths/1,000 live births female: 9.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.28 years country comparison to the world: 83 male: 72.25 years female: 78.38 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.85 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 152
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Aruban(s) adjective: Aruban; Dutch
Ethnic groups
mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
Religions
Roman Catholic 80.8%, Evangelist 4.1%, Protestant 2.5%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Methodist 1.2%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%
Languages
Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
Literacy
definition: NA total population: 97.3% male: 97.5% female: 97.1% (2000 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years male: 13 years female: 14 years (2006)
Education expenditures
4.8% of GDP (2005) country comparison to the world: 79
Government - Aruba
Country name
conventional long form: none conventional short form: Aruba
Dependency status
member country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
Government type
parliamentary democracy
Capital
name: Oranjestad geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Independence
none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
National holiday
Flag Day, 18 March (1976)
Constitution
1 January 1986
Legal system
based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Michiel Godfried (Mike) EMAN (since 30 October 2009) cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held in 2009 (next to be held by 2013) election results: Mike EMAN elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA
Legislative branch
unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 25 September 2009 (next to be held in 2013) election results: percent of vote by party - AVP 48%, MEP 35.9%, PDR 5.7%; seats by party - AVP 12, MEP 8, PDR 1
Judicial branch
Common Court of Justice of Aruba (judges are appointed by the monarch)
Political parties and leaders
Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER]; Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Mike EMAN]; People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]; RED [Rudy LAMPE]; Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
Political pressure groups and leaders
other: environmental groups
International organization participation
Caricom (observer), FATF, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WFTU, WMO
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Henry BAARH, Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Netherlands Antilles is accredited to Aruba
Flag description
blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner; the star represents Aruba and its red soil and white beaches, its four points the four major languages (Papiamento, Dutch, Spanish, English) as well as the four points of a compass, to indicate that its inhabitants come from all over the world; the blue symbolizes Caribbean waters and skies; the stripes represent the island's two main "industries": the flow of tourists to the sun-drenched beaches and the flow of minerals from the earth
Economy - Aruba
Economy - overview
Tourism is the mainstay of the small open Aruban economy, together with offshore banking. Oil refining and storage ended in 2009. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Over 1.5 million tourists per year visit Aruba with 75% of those from the US. Construction continues to boom with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. Tourist arrivals rebounded strongly following a dip after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The government has made cutting the budget and trade deficits a high priority.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2.258 billion (2005 est.) country comparison to the world: 180 $2.205 billion (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate)
$2.258 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
2.4% (2005 est.) country comparison to the world: 73
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$21,800 (2004 est.) country comparison to the world: 55
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 0.4% industry: 33.3% services: 66.3% (2002 est.)
Labor force
41,500 (2004 est.) country comparison to the world: 194
Labor force - by occupation
agriculture: NA% industry: NA% services: NA% note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining
Unemployment rate
6.9% (2005 est.) country comparison to the world: 66
Population below poverty line
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $507.9 million expenditures: $577.9 million (2005 est.)
Public debt
46.3% of GDP (2005) country comparison to the world: 54
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.4% (2005) country comparison to the world: 100
Central bank discount rate
5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 91 5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
11.23% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 74 11.01% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$780.4 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 96 $640.9 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$890.3 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 103 $792.9 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$1.321 billion (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 106 $1.348 billion (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products
aloes; livestock; fish
Industries
tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Industrial production growth rate
NA%
Electricity - production
850 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 148
Electricity - consumption
790.5 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 148
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
2,351 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 102
Oil - consumption
8,000 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 156
Oil - exports
231,100 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 49
Oil - imports
236,400 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 41
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl country comparison to the world: 99
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 94
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 112
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 45
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 70
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 104
Exports
$124 million (2006); note - includes oil reexports country comparison to the world: 188
Exports - commodities
live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
Exports - partners
Panama 22.3%, Colombia 19.2%, Venezuela 17.3%, US 13.5%, Netherlands Antilles 10.8%, Netherlands 7.2% (2008)
Imports
$1.054 billion (2006) country comparison to the world: 168
Imports - commodities
machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
Imports - partners
US 53.3%, Netherlands 11.7%, UK 4.6% (2008)
Debt - external
$478.6 million (2005 est.) country comparison to the world: 158
Exchange rates
Aruban guilders/florins (AWG) per US dollar - NA (2007), 1.79 (2006), 1.79 (2005), 1.79 (2004), 1.79 (2003)
Communications - Aruba
Telephones - main lines in use
38,500 (2008) country comparison to the world: 170
Telephones - mobile cellular
127,100 (2008) country comparison to the world: 179
Telephone system
general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 wireless service providers are now licensed international: country code - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable system that extends from the US Virgin Islands through Aruba to Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and the west coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)
Radio broadcast stations
AM 2, FM 16, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations
1 (1997)
Internet country code
.aw
Internet hosts
25,051 (2009) country comparison to the world: 95
Internet users
24,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 184
Transportation - Aruba
Airports
1 (2009) country comparison to the world: 211
Airports - with paved runways
total: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2009)
Ports and terminals
Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas
Military - Aruba
Military branches
no regular military forces; the Netherlands maintains a detachment of marines, a frigate, and an amphibious combat detachment in the neighboring Netherlands Antilles (2010)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 24,585 females age 16-49: 25,742 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 20,287 females age 16-49: 21,232 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 722 female: 711 (2009 est.)
Military - note
defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Transnational Issues - Aruba
Disputes - international
None
Illicit drugs
transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine