Caribbean Stats

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Background
Carib Indians occupied the islands for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. The islands became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.
Geography - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Location
Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km) country comparison to the world: 211 land: 261 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
135 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate
tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain
volcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resources
arable land
Land use
arable land: 19.44% permanent crops: 2.78% other: 77.78% (2005)
Irrigated land
NA
Total renewable water resources
0.02 cu km (2000)
Natural hazards
hurricanes (July to October)
Environment - current issues
NA
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
People - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Population
40,131 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 209
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.3% (male 5,397/female 5,138) 15-64 years: 65.9% (male 13,231/female 13,196) 65 years and over: 7.9% (male 1,326/female 1,843) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 28.6 years male: 27.9 years female: 29.3 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
0.847% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 139
Birth rate
17.67 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 116
Death rate
8.05 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 107
Net migration rate
-1.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 122
Urbanization
urban population: 32% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.94 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 130 male: 15.66 deaths/1,000 live births female: 12.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.2 years country comparison to the world: 112 male: 70.33 years female: 76.25 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.26 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 110
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s) adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
Ethnic groups
predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Religions
Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages
English
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school total population: 97.8% male: NA female: NA (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years male: 12 years female: 13 years (2005)
Education expenditures
9.3% of GDP (2005) country comparison to the world: 8
Government - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name
conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Government type
parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital
name: Basseterre geographic coordinates: 17 18 N, 62 43 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
Independence
19 September 1983 (from the UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Constitution
19 September 1983
Legal system
based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996) head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 25 January 2010 (next to be held by 2015) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SKNLP 6, CCM 2, PAM 2, NRP 1
Judicial branch
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consisting of a Court of Appeal and a High Court; based on Saint Lucia; two judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Kitts and Nevis); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
Political parties and leaders
Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsay GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016 telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636 FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740 consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag description
divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red
Economy - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Economy - overview
The economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis is heavily dependent upon tourism revenues, which has replaced sugar, the traditional mainstay of the economy until the 1970s. Following the 2005 harvest, the government closed the sugar industry after decades of losses of 3-4% of GDP annually. To compensate for employment losses, the government has embarked on a program to diversify the agricultural sector and to stimulate other sectors of the economy, such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking. Economic growth was above average for Latin America from 2004 to 2006, but has since slowed. Tourism is projected to give the economy a boost in 2010, as large cruise ships add St. Kitts and Nevis to their itineraries. More than 106,000 tourists visited the islands in 2008. Like other tourist destinations in the Caribbean, St. Kitts and Nevis is vulnerable to damage from natural disasters and shifts in tourism demand. The current government is constrained by a high public debt burden equivalent to roughly 185% of GDP, largely attributable to public enterprise losses.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
$753.2 million (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 206 $768.6 million (2008 est.) $750.9 million (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)
$547 million (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
-2% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 144 2.4% (2008 est.) 0.9% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$18,800 (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 63 $19,300 (2008 est.) $19,000 (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 3.5% industry: 25.8% services: 70.7% (2001)
Labor force
8,170 (June 1995) country comparison to the world: 208
Unemployment rate
4.5% (1997) country comparison to the world: 41
Population below poverty line
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $89.7 million expenditures: $128.2 million (2003 est.)
Public debt
185% of GDP (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 3
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.5% (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 134
Central bank discount rate
6.5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 63 6.5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
8.69% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 95 8.89% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$107.2 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 117 $97.31 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$680.6 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 108 $688.6 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$790.8 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 117 $782.4 million (31 December 2007)
Market value of publicly traded shares
$NA (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 105 $439.7 million (31 December 2007) $304.5 million (31 December 2006)
Agriculture - products
sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Industries
tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Industrial production growth rate
NA%
Electricity - production
130 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 184
Electricity - consumption
120.9 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 187
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 138
Oil - consumption
1,000 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 196
Oil - exports
0 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 154
Oil - imports
1,225 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 186
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 138
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 137
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 140
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 123
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 139
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 140
Current account balance
-$163 million (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 85
Exports
$84 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 196
Exports - commodities
machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports - partners
US 66%, Azerbaijan 7.5%, Canada 6% (2008)
Imports
$383 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 187
Imports - commodities
machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports - partners
US 46.8%, Trinidad and Tobago 14.8%, UK 4.1% (2008)
Debt - external
$314 million (2004) country comparison to the world: 166
Exchange rates
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Communications - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Telephones - main lines in use
20,400 (2008) country comparison to the world: 194
Telephones - mobile cellular
80,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 187
Telephone system
general assessment: good interisland and international connections domestic: interisland links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004 international: country code - 1-869; connected internationally by the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables
Radio broadcast stations
AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2003)
Television broadcast stations
1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2003)
Internet country code
.kn
Internet hosts
53 (2009) country comparison to the world: 206
Internet users
16,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 195
Transportation - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Airports
2 (2009) country comparison to the world: 206
Airports - with paved runways
total: 2 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2009)
Railways
total: 50 km country comparison to the world: 131 narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists (2008)
Roadways
total: 383 km country comparison to the world: 197 paved: 163 km unpaved: 220 km (2002)
Merchant marine
total: 159 country comparison to the world: 40 by type: bulk carrier 10, cargo 109, chemical tanker 7, container 1, liquefied gas 1, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 19, refrigerated cargo 7, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1 foreign-owned: 121 (Belgium 1, Cyprus 1, Egypt 2, Estonia 3, Finland 1, Greece 3, India 1, Italy 1, Japan 3, Kuwait 1, Latvia 5, Malaysia 1, Pakistan 3, Romania 1, Russia 19, Singapore 1, Spain 1, Syria 7, Turkey 35, Ukraine 9, UAE 18, UK 3, Yemen 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Basseterre
Military - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Military branches
Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force (2009)
Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 10,095 females age 16-49: 10,081 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 8,159 females age 16-49: 8,517 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 376 female: 362 (2009 est.)
Military expenditures
NA
Transnational Issues - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Disputes - international
joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity