Caribbean Stats

Anguilla

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Anguilla
Background
Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Geography - Anguilla
Location
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates
18 15 N, 63 10 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 91 sq km country comparison to the world: 226 land: 91 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
61 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 3 nm exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain
flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Natural resources
salt, fish, lobster
Land use
arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2005)
Irrigated land
NA
Natural hazards
frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues
supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Geography - note
the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
People - Anguilla
Population
14,436 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 221
Age structure
0-14 years: 24.5% (male 1,815/female 1,725) 15-64 years: 67.8% (male 4,665/female 5,125) 65 years and over: 7.7% (male 534/female 572) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 32.6 years male: 31.5 years female: 33.8 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
2.272% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 39
Birth rate
13.02 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 158
Death rate
4.36 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 202
Net migration rate
14.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 5
Urbanization
urban population: 100% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.52 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 215 male: 3.97 deaths/1,000 live births female: 3.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.65 years country comparison to the world: 14 male: 78.11 years female: 83.26 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.75 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 164
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Anguillan(s) adjective: Anguillan
Ethnic groups
black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)
Religions
Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%, Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)
Languages
English (official)
English (official)
Literacy
definition: age 12 and over can read and write total population: 95% male: 95% female: 95% (1984 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years male: 11 years female: 11 years (2006)
Education expenditures
4% of GDP (2005) country comparison to the world: 101
Government - Anguilla
Country name
conventional long form: none conventional short form: Anguilla
Dependency status
overseas territory of the UK
Government type
NA
Capital
name: The Valley geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday
Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
Constitution
Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Legal system
based on English common law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Alistair HARRISON (since 21 April 2009) head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010) cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch
unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AUM 4, AUF 2, APP 1
Judicial branch
High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Political parties and leaders
Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA); Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Roy ROGERS]; Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below
Economy - Anguilla
Economy - overview
Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$175.4 million (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 216 $191.7 million (2008 est.) $108.9 million (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate)
$108.9 million (2004 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
-8.5% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 206
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,200 (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 91
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 4% industry: 18% services: 78% (2002 est.)
Labor force
6,049 (2001) country comparison to the world: 218
Labor force - by occupation
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4% manufacturing: 3% construction: 18% transportation and utilities: 10% commerce: 36% services: 29% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate
8% (2002) country comparison to the world: 84
Population below poverty line
23% (2002)
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $22.8 million expenditures: $22.5 million (2000 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.3% (2006 est.) country comparison to the world: 145
Central bank discount rate
6.5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 59 6.5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
9.51% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 88 9.76% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$21.12 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 126 $23.57 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$449.5 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 114 $470.1 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$529.6 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 119 $447.7 million (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products
small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Industries
tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Industrial production growth rate
NA
Electricity - production
NA kWh
Current account balance
-$42.87 million (2003 est.) country comparison to the world: 67
Exports
$119.5 million (2009) country comparison to the world: 189
Exports - commodities
lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Imports
$143 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 201
Imports - commodities
fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
Debt - external
$8.8 million (1998) country comparison to the world: 191
Exchange rates
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003) note: fixed rate since 1976
Communications - Anguilla
Telephones - main lines in use
5,800 (2008) country comparison to the world: 211
Telephones - mobile cellular
13,100 (2005) country comparison to the world: 210
Telephone system
general assessment: NA domestic: modern internal telephone system international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) (2007)
Radio broadcast stations
AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations
1 (1997)
Internet country code
.ai
Internet hosts
258 (2009) country comparison to the world: 181
Internet users
4,500 (2008) country comparison to the world: 204
Transportation - Anguilla
Airports
3 (2009) country comparison to the world: 192
Airports - with paved runways
total: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 2 under 914 m: 2 (2009)
Roadways
total: 175 km country comparison to the world: 208 paved: 82 km unpaved: 93 km (2004)
Ports and terminals
Blowing Point, Road Bay
Military - Anguilla
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 3,538 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 2,955 females age 16-49: 3,308 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 107 female: 106 (2009 est.)
Military - note
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Transnational Issues - Anguilla
Disputes - international
none
Illicit drugs
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe