Caribbean Stats

Saint Lucia

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Saint Lucia
Background
The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.
Geography - Saint Lucia
Location
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
13 53 N, 60 58 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 616 sq km country comparison to the world: 193 land: 606 sq km water: 10 sq km
Area - comparative
3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
158 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate
tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August
Terrain
volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m
Natural resources
forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
Land use
arable land: 6.45% permanent crops: 22.58% other: 70.97% (2005)
Irrigated land
30 sq km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 0.01 per capita: 81 cu m/yr (1997)
Natural hazards
hurricanes; volcanic activity
Environment - current issues
deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean
People - Saint Lucia
Population
160,267 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 187
Age structure
0-14 years: 24.4% (male 20,035/female 19,021) 15-64 years: 66.4% (male 51,593/female 54,843) 65 years and over: 9.2% (male 6,668/female 8,107) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 29.8 years male: 28.7 years female: 30.8 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
0.416% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 161
Birth rate
15.1 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 140
Death rate
6.8 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 140
Net migration rate
-4.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 156
Urbanization
urban population: 28% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.43 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 134 male: 12.47 deaths/1,000 live births female: 14.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.45 years country comparison to the world: 67 male: 73.78 years female: 79.27 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.84 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 156
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Saint Lucian(s) adjective: Saint Lucian
Ethnic groups
black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)
Religions
Roman Catholic 67.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Rastafarian 2.1%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%, other Christian 5.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census)
Languages
English (official), French patois
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school total population: 90.1% male: 89.5% female: 90.6% (2001 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years male: 13 years female: 14 years (2006)
Education expenditures
6.6% of GDP (2006) country comparison to the world: 29
Government - Saint Lucia
Country name
conventional long form: none conventional short form: Saint Lucia
Government type
parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital
name: Castries geographic coordinates: 14 01 N, 61 00 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort
Independence
22 February 1979 (from the UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 22 February (1979)
Constitution
22 February 1979
Legal system
based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997) head of government: Prime Minister Stephenson KING (since 9 September 2007); note - Sir John COMPTON died in office 7 September 2007 cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: House of Assembly - last held 11 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011) election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - UWP 50%, SLP 46.9%, other 3.1%; seats by party - UWP 11, SLP 6
Judicial branch
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consists of a High Court and a Court of Appeals; based on Saint Lucia; three judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Lucia); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
Political parties and leaders
National Alliance or NA [George ODLUM]; Saint Lucia Freedom Party or SFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; Sou Tout Apwe Fete Fini or STAFF [Christopher HUNTE]; United Workers Party or UWP [Stephenson KING]
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Michael LOUIS chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016 telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795 FAX: [1] (202) 364-6723 consulate(s) general: Miami, New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia
Flag description
blue, with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border; the blue color represents the sky and sea, gold stands for sunshine and prosperity, and white and black the racial composition of the island (with the latter being dominant); the two major triangles invoke the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), cone-shaped volcanic plugs that are a symbol of the island
Economy - Saint Lucia
Economy - overview
The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries, with a surge in foreign direct investment in 2006, attributed to the construction of several tourism projects. Although crops such as bananas, mangos, and avocados continue to be grown for export, tourism provides Saint Lucia's main source of income and the industry is the island's biggest employer. Tourism is the main source of foreign exchange, although tourism sector revenues declined with the global economic downturn as US and European travel dropped in 2009. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area, and the government is trying to revitalize the banana industry, although recent hurricanes have caused exports to contract. Saint Lucia is vulnerable to a variety of external shocks including volatile tourism receipts, natural disasters, and dependence on foreign oil. The public debt-to-GDP ratio is about 70% and high debt servicing obligations constrain the KING administration's ability to respond to adverse external shocks. Economic fundamentals remain solid, even though unemployment needs to be reduced.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1.751 billion (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 184 $1.795 billion (2008 est.) $1.783 billion (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)
$991 million (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
-2.5% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 152 0.7% (2008 est.) 1.7% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$10,900 (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 101 $11,200 (2008 est.) $11,200 (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 5% industry: 15% services: 80% (2005 est.)
Labor force
79,700 (2007) country comparison to the world: 184
Labor force - by occupation
agriculture: 21.7% industry: 24.7% services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate
20% (2003 est.) country comparison to the world: 166
Population below poverty line
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $141.2 million expenditures: $146.7 million (2000 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.9% (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 62
Central bank discount rate
6.5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 62 6.5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
10.08% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 103 8.34% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$261.3 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 110 $264.7 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$800.1 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 105 $720.9 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$1.378 billion (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 104 $1.217 billion (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products
bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa
Industries
clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing
Industrial production growth rate
NA
Electricity - production
325 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 166
Electricity - consumption
302.2 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 166
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 133
Oil - consumption
3,000 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 178
Oil - exports
0 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 151
Oil - imports
2,747 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 172
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 130
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 130
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 135
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 113
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 133
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 134
Current account balance
-$199 million (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 87
Exports
$288 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 175
Exports - commodities
bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil
Exports - partners
UK 20.8%, US 17%, South Korea 14.7%, India 13.2%, Antigua and Barbuda 5.2%, Dominican Republic 5.1%, Barbados 4.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.3% (2008)
Imports
$791 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 175
Imports - commodities
food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels
Imports - partners
Brazil 84.4%, US 5.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 3.6% (2008)
Debt - external
$257 million (2004) country comparison to the world: 168
Exchange rates
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Communications - Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use
40,900 (2008) country comparison to the world: 168
Telephones - mobile cellular
169,600 (2008) country comparison to the world: 174
Telephone system
general assessment: adequate system domestic: system is automatically switched international: country code - 1-758; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables, along with Intelsat from Martinique, carry calls internationally; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados
Radio broadcast stations
AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2003)
Television broadcast stations
2 (1 commercial broadcast station and 1 community antenna television or CATV channel) (2003)
Internet country code
.lc
Internet hosts
103 (2009) country comparison to the world: 198
Internet users
100,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 155
Transportation - Saint Lucia
Airports
2 (2009) country comparison to the world: 201
Airports - with paved runways
total: 2 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
Roadways
total: 1,210 km (2002) country comparison to the world: 180
Ports and terminals
Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort
Military - Saint Lucia
Military branches
no regular military forces; Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit and Coast Guard) (2008)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 48,358 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 32,094 females age 16-49: 36,110 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 1,607 female: 1,511 (2009 est.)
Military expenditures
NA
Transnational Issues - Saint Lucia
Disputes - international
joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs
transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe