Caribbean Stats

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

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Introduction - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Background
Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on St. Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.
Geography - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Location
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
13 15 N, 61 12 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km) country comparison to the world: 202 land: 389 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
84 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate
tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain
volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Natural resources
hydropower, cropland
Land use
arable land: 17.95% permanent crops: 17.95% other: 64.1% (2005)
Irrigated land
10 sq km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 0.01 per capita: 83 cu m/yr (1995)
Natural hazards
hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Environment - current issues
pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
People - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Population
104,574 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 192
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.9% (male 13,637/female 13,425) 15-64 years: 66.4% (male 35,693/female 33,701) 65 years and over: 7.8% (male 3,659/female 4,459) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 28.9 years male: 29 years female: 28.9 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.344% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 222
Birth rate
15.27 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 139
Death rate
6.91 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 136
Net migration rate
-11.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 176
Urbanization
urban population: 47% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 15.14 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 126 male: 16.48 deaths/1,000 live births female: 13.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.65 years country comparison to the world: 105 male: 71.82 years female: 75.54 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.98 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 134
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s) adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Ethnic groups
black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, European 4%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 3%
Religions
Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%
Languages
English, French patois
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school total population: 96% male: 96% female: 96% (1970 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years male: 12 years female: 12 years (2005)
Education expenditures
8.1% of GDP (2005) country comparison to the world: 14
Government - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Country name
conventional long form: none conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Government type
parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital
name: Kingstown geographic coordinates: 13 09 N, 61 14 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Independence
27 October 1979 (from the UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Constitution
27 October 1979
Legal system
based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002) head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Legislative branch
unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and six appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 7 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - ULP 55.3%, NDP 44.7%; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Judicial branch
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consisting of a High Court and Court of Appeals; based on Saint Lucia; two judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Political parties and leaders
New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador La Celia A. PRINCE chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016 telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730 FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736 consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag description
three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern
Economy - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Economy - overview
Success of the economy hinges upon seasonal variations in agriculture, tourism, and construction activity as well as remittance inflows. Much of the workforce is employed in banana production and tourism, but persistent high unemployment has prompted many to leave the islands. This lower-middle-income country is vulnerable to natural disasters - tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002. In 2008, the islands had more than 200,000 tourist arrivals, mostly to the Grenadines, a drop of nearly 20% from 2007. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. The government's ability to invest in social programs and respond to external shocks is constrained by its high debt burden - 25% of current revenues are directed towards debt servicing. An agreement with Italy to write-off debt reduced the public debt-to-GDP ratio to about 70%. Following the global downturn, St. Vincent and the Grenadines saw an economic decline in 2009, after slowing since 2006, when GDP growth reached a 10-year high of nearly 7%. The GONSALVES administration is directing government resources to infrastructure projects, including a new international airport that is expected to be completed in 2011.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1.55 billion (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 194 $1.659 billion (2008 est.) $1.613 billion (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)
$625 million (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
-6.5% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 199 2.8% (2008 est.) 6.9% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$18,100 (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 67 $19,600 (2008 est.) $19,300 (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 10% industry: 26% services: 64% (2001 est.)
Labor force
57,520 (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 186
Labor force - by occupation
agriculture: 26% industry: 17% services: 57% (1980 est.)
Unemployment rate
15% (2001 est.) country comparison to the world: 148
Population below poverty line
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $94.6 million expenditures: $85.8 million (2000 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
6.1% (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 155
Central bank discount rate
6.5% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 61 6.5% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate
9.52% (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 96 8.8% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money
$150.8 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 115 $155.5 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money
$302.7 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 118 $280.2 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit
$417.4 million (31 December 2008) country comparison to the world: 121 $387.8 million (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products
bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Industries
food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Electricity - production
133.8 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 183
Electricity - consumption
124.4 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 186
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 126
Oil - consumption
2,000 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 184
Oil - exports
0 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 163
Oil - imports
1,451 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 183
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 119
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 118
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 126
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 95
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 120
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 124
Current account balance
-$149 million (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 82
Exports
$193 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 181
Exports - commodities
bananas, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch; tennis racquets
Exports - partners
Greece 33.5%, France 20.4%, China 8.7%, Italy 7.9%, India 4.6% (2008)
Imports
$578 million (2006) country comparison to the world: 183
Imports - commodities
foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners
Singapore 26.8%, Trinidad and Tobago 13.1%, US 12%, China 8.5%, Italy 7.1%, Norway 5.1% (2008)
Debt - external
$223 million (2004) country comparison to the world: 170
Exchange rates
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Communications - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Telephones - main lines in use
22,800 (2008) country comparison to the world: 190
Telephones - mobile cellular
130,100 (2008) country comparison to the world: 178
Telephone system
general assessment: adequate system domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines; mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 telephones per 100 persons international: country code - 1-784; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables carry international calls; connectivity also provided by VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Radio broadcast stations
AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations
1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2004)
Internet country code
.vc
Internet hosts
181 (2009) country comparison to the world: 190
Internet users
66,000 (2008) country comparison to the world: 165
Transportation - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Airports
6 (2009) country comparison to the world: 174
Airports - with paved runways
total: 5 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 3 under 914 m: 1 (2009)
Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2009)
Roadways
total: 829 km country comparison to the world: 185 paved: 580 km unpaved: 249 km (2003)
Merchant marine
total: 525 country comparison to the world: 21 by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 83, cargo 315, carrier 20, chemical tanker 2, liquefied gas 6, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 17, petroleum tanker 17, refrigerated cargo 20, roll on/roll off 18, specialized tanker 2, container 21 foreign-owned: 476 (Austria 2, Barbados 1, Belgium 8, Bulgaria 15, Canada 1, China 94, Croatia 7, Cyprus 1, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 16, Egypt 3, Estonia 16, France 6, Germany 3, Gibraltar 1, Greece 71, Guyana 2, Hong Kong 6, Iceland 7, India 7, Iran 1, Israel 2, Italy 17, Japan 3, Kenya 2, Latvia 17, Lebanon 6, Lithuania 9, Monaco 5, Montenegro 1, Namibia 1, Netherlands 3, Norway 13, Poland 1, Puerto Rico 1, Romania 1, Russia 21, Singapore 4, Slovenia 5, South Africa 1, Sweden 2, Switzerland 6, Syria 13, Turkey 20, Ukraine 11, UAE 9, UK 14, US 18, Venezuela 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Kingstown
Military - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Military branches
no regular military forces; Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force, Coast Guard (2009)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 34,373 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 22,975 females age 16-49: 22,250 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 1,020 female: 1,009 (2009 est.)
Military expenditures
NA
Transnational Issues - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Disputes - international
joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation