Caribbean Stats

Turks and Caicos Islands

Flag Location Map
Introduction - Turks and Caicos Islands
Background
The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.
Geography - Turks and Caicos Islands
Location
Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
Geographic coordinates
21 45 N, 71 35 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 948 sq km country comparison to the world: 185 land: 948 sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
389 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Terrain
low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Blue Hills 49 m
Natural resources
spiny lobster, conch
Land use
arable land: 2.33% permanent crops: 0% other: 97.67% (2005)
Irrigated land
NA
Natural hazards
frequent hurricanes
Environment - current issues
limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Geography - note
about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
People - Turks and Caicos Islands
Population
22,942 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 216
Age structure
0-14 years: 30.2% (male 3,528/female 3,401) 15-64 years: 65.6% (male 7,875/female 7,164) 65 years and over: 4.2% (male 475/female 499) (2009 est.)
Median age
total: 27.9 years male: 28.7 years female: 27.2 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
2.563% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 32
Birth rate
20.79 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 94
Death rate
4.18 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 206
Net migration rate
9.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 9
Urbanization
urban population: 92% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.89 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 131 male: 16.02 deaths/1,000 live births female: 11.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.42 years country comparison to the world: 78 male: 73.12 years female: 77.83 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.95 children born/woman (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 76
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: none adjective: none
Ethnic groups
black 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
Religions
Baptist 40%, Anglican 18%, Methodist 16%, Church of God 12%, other 14% (1990)
Languages
English (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school total population: 98% male: 99% female: 98% (1970 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years male: 11 years female: 12 years (2005)
Education expenditures
NA
People - note
destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and the US
Government - Turks and Caicos Islands
Country name
conventional long form: none conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands abbreviation: TCI
Dependency status
overseas territory of the UK
Government type
NA
Capital
name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town) geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday
Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
Constitution
Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution (Interim Amendment) Order 2009, S.I. 2009/701 - effective 14 August 2009 - suspended Ministerial government, the House of Assembly, and the constitutional right to trial by jury, and imposed direct British rule
Legal system
based on laws of England and Wales with a few adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Gordon WETHERELL (since 5 August 2008) head of government: Governor Gordon WETHERELL (since 14 August 2009); note - the office of premier is suspended by the Order in Council, effective 14 August 2009 cabinet: under provisions of the Order in Council, the cabinet is suspended effective 14 August 2009 and replaced by an Advisory Council appointed by the governor (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch note: following an investigation into allegations of widespread corruption and misconduct within the Turks and Caicos Government, the UK foreign minister directed the governor to bring into effect on 14 August 2009 an Order in Council suspending Ministerial government and the House of Assembly, and imposing direct rule for a period of up to two years
Legislative branch
under provisions of the Order in Council, the unicameral House of Assembly is dissolved and all seats vacated for a period of up to two years; in the interim, a Consultative Forum, appointed by the governor, will be established elections: last held 9 February 2007 (next to be held by July 2011) election results: under provisions of the Order in Council, all seats in the House of Assembly are vacated
Judicial branch
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders
People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Floyd SEYMOUR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Michael Eugene MISICK]
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus
Economy - Turks and Caicos Islands
Economy - overview
The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$216 million (2002 est.) country comparison to the world: 214
GDP (official exchange rate)
$NA
GDP - real growth rate
4.9% (2000 est.) country comparison to the world: 26
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$11,500 (2002 est.) country comparison to the world: 96
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: NA% industry: NA% services: NA%
Labor force
4,848 (1990 est.) country comparison to the world: 219
Labor force - by occupation
note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
Unemployment rate
10% (1997 est.) country comparison to the world: 116
Population below poverty line
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget
revenues: $47 million expenditures: $33.6 million (1997-98 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4% (1995) country comparison to the world: 122 4% (1995)
Agriculture - products
corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
Industries
tourism, offshore financial services
Industrial production growth rate
NA%
Electricity - production
12 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 209
Electricity - consumption
11.16 million kWh (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 210
Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 132
Oil - consumption
0 bbl/day (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 205
Oil - exports
0 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 150
Oil - imports
80 bbl/day (2007 est.) country comparison to the world: 203
Oil - proved reserves
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 127
Natural gas - production
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 126
Natural gas - consumption
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 133
Natural gas - exports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 106
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 130
Natural gas - proved reserves
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 131
Exports
$169.2 million (2000) country comparison to the world: 183
Exports - commodities
lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Imports
$175.6 million
Imports - commodities
food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
Debt - external
$NA
Exchange rates
the US dollar is used
Communications - Turks and Caicos Islands
Telephones - main lines in use
3,700 (2008) country comparison to the world: 217
Telephones - mobile cellular
25,100 (2004) country comparison to the world: 203
Telephone system
general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available international: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations
AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2003)
Television broadcast stations
0 (broadcasts received from The Bahamas; 2 cable television networks) (2003)
Internet country code
.tc
Internet hosts
9,445 (2009) country comparison to the world: 117
Transportation - Turks and Caicos Islands
Airports
8 (2009) country comparison to the world: 163
Airports - with paved runways
total: 6 1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 914 to 1,523 m: 1 under 914 m: 2 (2009)
Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 2 914 to 1,523 m: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2009)
Roadways
total: 121 km country comparison to the world: 210 paved: 24 km unpaved: 97 km (2003)
Merchant marine
registered in other countries: 1 (Panama 1) (2008) country comparison to the world: 152
Ports and terminals
Grand Turk, Providenciales
Military - Turks and Caicos Islands
Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 4,937 females age 16-49: 4,648 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 226 female: 218 (2009 est.)
Military - note
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Transnational Issues - Turks and Caicos Islands
Disputes - international
have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorder
Illicit drugs
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe